Monday, May 16, 2011
Walking around Østerbro, you were probably wondering what are those yellow houses, with old style architecture and placed in long rows. They are Nyboder (New small Houses in Danish), a neighbourhood that was dedicated to the soldiers and officers of the Royal Danish Navy and , of course, to their families. Christian IV started this plan and during his reign the first row of houses (the one in St. Paulsgade) has been built (1631-1641).
Later, at the end of 18th century, the neighborhood was expanded with 150 more houses.
Initially the houses were painted in red and white although today everyone knows them with their yellow color; this yellow colour is named "Nyboder yellow". The initial architect was Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger (architectof Flemish descendence, specialized in Dutch Renaissance style, being known for many famous buildings like Rosenborg Castle, Frederiksborg Palace or Kronborg Castle) who started during Christian IV; he was followed by another architect, Philip de Lange.
In front of Nyboder, at Store Kongensgade it is located the memorial of Vice Admiral Edouard Suenson (the commandant of the Danish fleet in the Battle of Heligoland 9 May 1864). Designed by Theobald Stein, the monument was placed there on 9 May 1889. It consists of a bust of Suenson decorated with a laurel wreath and prows and a statue of a lion, bellow, holding a coat of arms inscriptioned "HELGOLAND/9 MAY/1864".