Monday, September 5, 2011
Helsinki - City center - part I
Helsinki is the capital of Finland, a vibrant cultural and economic city counting a bit over half million inhabitants. It is the northernmost capital of an EU member state.
Details on the façade of Central railway station
Due to its excellent location, Helsinki was created as a trading city by King Gustav I of Sweden in 1550, in order to compete with the current Tallinn, in that period Reval, a member of the Hanseatic league. Its name was Hellssingeforss, transformed later in Helsingfors. The name comes from the Helsinge parish located there and the rapids (Swedish: fors) flowing through the original village. The city grown slowly, being heavily affected by poverty and the plague in the 1710. The city started to develop only when Russia defeated Sweden in the Finnish War, and annexed it to the Duchy of Finland, moving the capital from Turku. The city became the cultural center of the country, the only university being relocated here. Sankt Petersburg served as a model to the neoclassical architectonic style of the city.
Annex Building of the Parliament of Finland
Shirts hanging in the centre
Finnish National Theatre
The National Museum of Finland
Statue on Esplanadi
Havis Amanda fountain